# House Robber III

The thief has found himself a new place for his thievery again. There is only one entrance to this area, called root.

Besides the root, each house has one and only one parent house. After a tour, the smart thief realized that all houses in this place form a binary tree. It will automatically contact the police if **two directly-linked houses were broken into on the same night**.

Given the root of the binary tree, return *the maximum amount of money the thief can rob ***without alerting the police**.

```
public class Solution {
public int rob(TreeNode root) {
int[] num = dfs(root);
return Math.max(num[0], num[1]);
}
private int[] dfs(TreeNode x) {
if (x == null) return new int[2];
int[] left = dfs(x.left);
int[] right = dfs(x.right);
int[] res = new int[2];
res[0] = left[1] + right[1] + x.val;
res[1] = Math.max(left[0], left[1]) + Math.max(right[0], right[1]);
return res;
}
}
```

## Related Problems

Given n non-negative integers representing an elevation map where the width of each bar is 1, compute how much water it can trap after raining.

You are given n balloons, indexed from 0 to n - 1. Each balloon is painted with a number on it represented by an array nums. You are asked to burst all the balloons.

If you burst the ith balloon, you will get nums[i - 1] * nums[i] * nums[i + 1] coins. If i - 1 or i + 1 goes out of bounds of the array, then treat it as if there is a balloon with a 1 painted on it.

Return *the maximum coins you can collect by bursting the balloons wisely*.

Given a string s, return *the longest* *palindromicsubstring*in s.

Given an input string (s) and a pattern (p), implement wildcard pattern matching with support for '?' and '*' where:

'?' Matches any single character.

'*' Matches any sequence of characters (including the empty sequence).

The matching should cover the **entire** input string (not partial).